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The complete guide to Uric acid and Gout

What is gout?
Gout is a painful arthritis caused by deposition of uric acid crystals in the joints. Uric acid is a product of break down of the purines in the body. Being a breakdown product, it is naturally present in the blood. However, when it accumulates in the blood in excessive amounts (known as hyperuricemia), it has a tendency to precipitate in the joints. Once out of the blood, body's immunity recognizes it as a foreign material and attacks it. This leads to inflammation involving the joints causing the redness and severe pain.
What causes gout?
Inability of the body to handle uric acid properly causes gout. Normally, the uric acid produced in the body is carried in blood and excreted by the kidneys. However an overproduction of uric acid or less excretion of uric acid by the kidneys can cause increased levels of uric acid in blood (known as hyperuricemia) and the potential to result in gout. Hyperuricemia may be caused by consumption of too many purine rich foods such as liver, beer, pulses etc. Hyperuricemia by itself is not troublesome and only a few with hyperuricemia develop gout.

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Also Read:
Symptoms of gout
How is gout diagnosed.
Gout treatment
Is there a relation between diet and gout?

Created on: April 2007
Last updated on: Feb 2015
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